SURFACE TRANSPORTATION BOARD DECISION DOCUMENT
    Decision Information

Docket Number:  
EP_431_4

Case Title:  
REVIEW OF THE GENERAL PURPOSE COSTING SYSTEM

Decision Type:  
Decision

Deciding Body:  
Entire Board

    Decision Summary

Decision Notes:  
DECISION GRANTED THE ASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN RAILROADS' PETITION FOR CLARIFICATION AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION, AND MADE AVAILABLE CERTAIN INFORMATION TO ALLOW INTERESTED PARTIES TO CONDUCT A THOROUGH ANALYSIS OF THE BOARD'S PROPOSED CHANGES TO THE UNIFORM RAILROAD COSTING SYSTEM.

    Decision Attachments

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    Full Text of Decision

37949

43045                                      SERVICE DATE – APRIL 25, 2013

EB

 

SURFACE TRANSPORTATION BOARD

 

DECISION

 

Docket No. EP 431 (Sub-No. 4)

 

REVIEW OF THE GENERAL PURPOSE COSTING SYSTEM

 

Digest:[1]  In this decision, the Board grants the Association of American Railroads’ petition for clarification and additional information, and makes available certain information to allow interested parties to conduct a thorough analysis of the Board’s proposed changes to the Uniform Railroad Costing System.  To provide commenters with sufficient time to evaluate this information and to prepare comments, the Board is extending the procedural schedule in this proceeding by 45 days.

 

Decided:  April 24, 2013

 

On February 4, 2013, the Board issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking that proposed certain changes to its general purpose costing system, the Uniform Railroad Costing System (URCS).  Specifically, the Board proposed to adjust how certain system-average unit costs are calculated in Phase II of URCS, thereby obviating the need for URCS to apply a separate make-whole adjustment in Phase III.  The Board also proposed other related changes to URCS that would result in more accurate movement costs, as well as changes to two of its reporting requirements to support these proposals.

 

On March 4, 2013, the Association of American Railroads (AAR) filed a petition for clarification and additional information.[2]  In its petition, AAR requests that the Board “provide additional information as to the formula that it uses to calculate the make-whole adjustment and make available an electronic version of the work papers applying the formula to generate the 2011 make-whole adjustments for all Class I carriers.”  (Pet. at 3-4.)  AAR also asks the Board to “release any materials underlying the proposed changes which provide details of the formulas proposed for the new calculations of the cost per switch event and the clerical cost per origination and termination event.”  (Pet. at 4.)[3]

 

            To allow commenters to conduct a thorough analysis of the Board’s proposed changes to URCS, the Board will make the following items available to commenters.  First, the Board will make the uncosted 2011 Waybill Sample available,[4] under customary protective orders.  See 49 C.F.R. § 1244.9(f).  Second, the Board will provide to commenters the source code used to cost the Waybill Sample.  Third, the Board will make available both the intermediate outputs that result from using the source code when costing the Waybill Sample, and the costed 2011 Waybill Sample, both under customary protective orders.  Id.  Fourth, to provide commenters with an additional method of evaluating the formula used to calculate the make-whole adjustment, we will also provide a spreadsheet of a small record set that serves as an example of how the make-whole adjustment is calculated, also under customary protective orders.  Id.  This small record set manually calculates the make-whole adjustments and shows that those calculations match the costs calculated using the Waybill costing process.  Fifth, we will provide descriptions to changes in the calculations of certain Phase III line items to reflect the Board’s new proposals.

 

            We are providing the changes in calculations of certain Phase III line items (item five above) as appendices to this decision.  For all other items that we are making available pursuant to this decision, parties should submit a written request to the Board’s Office of Economics, and reference this proceeding.  As stated, we will make the Waybill Sample disclosure and the small record set disclosure available subject to customary protective orders.  We will also entertain requests that subsequent pleadings using this information be filed under seal so that confidential information is protected.  If participants are permitted to file their pleadings under seal, they will also be required to file a public version with confidential information redacted.  To provide commenters with sufficient time to evaluate the information we are providing here and to prepare comments, we will extend the procedural schedule in this proceeding by 45 days.  Accordingly, comments are now due June 10, 2013, with reply comments due July 9, 2013.

 

            This action will not significantly affect either the quality of the human environment or the conservation of energy resources.

 

            It is ordered:

 

1.  The Board grants AAR’s petition for clarification and additional information, and will make available the information as described in the above decision.

 

2.  Comments are due by June 10, 2013; replies are due by July 9, 2013.  Pleadings containing confidential information must be filed under seal, along with public versions with confidential information redacted.

 

3.  This decision is effective on its service date.

 

By the Board, Chairman Elliott, Vice Chairman Begeman, and Commissioner Mulvey.

 


Appendix A

Proposed Changes to Phase III Line Calculations

 

Line

Line Description*

Current Calculation/Value

Proposed Calculation/Value

Notes

L105

E/L ratio, this car

IF(#Cars>=Min_TL,2,E2L1xxCy)

E2L1xxCy

E-Table line number will change based on car type.  E-Table column number will change based on car ownership.

L236

Percent of unit train tonnage

L235/L232

IF(L201<Min_TL,L201/Min_TL,1)

 

L237

Percent of way train tonnage

L235/L233

IF(L201<Min_TL,L201/Min_TL,1)

 

L238

Percent of through train tonnage

L235/L234

IF(L201<Min_TL,L201/Min_TL,1)

 

L257

UC per clot-CLR-OPR

E1L1xxC1*Efficiency Factor

E1L1xxC1

E-Table line number will change based on car type.  E-Table value will be calculated on a per-shipment basis.

L258

VC-clot CLR-OPR

(L251+L252)*L257

IF((L251+L252)>0, #Shipments*L250*L257,0)

 

L301

SEM per industry switch event

E2L1xxC25*Efficiency Factor

E2L1xxC25

E-Table line number will change based on car type.  E-Table value will be calculated on a per-shipment basis.

L302

SEM per interchange switch event

E2L1xxC26*Efficiency Factor

E2L1xxC26

E-Table line number will change based on car type.  E-Table value will be calculated on a per-shipment basis.

L303

SEM per I&I train switch event

E2L1xxC29*Efficiency Factor

E2L1xxC29

E-Table line number will change based on car type.  E-Table value will be calculated on a per-shipment basis.

L309

Avg miles between I&I sw event

200

320

 

L311

Total SEM-industry

L301*L305

IF((L251+L252)>0, #Shipments*L301*L304,0)

 

L312

Total SEM-interchange

L302*L308

IF(L201>0,L302*#Shipments*L105*L307,0)

 

L313

Total SEM-i&i train

L303*L310

IF(L201>=Min_TL,0,IF(L310>0,L303*#Shipments* (L111/L309),0))

 

L325

SEM per intraterminal switch

E2L1xxC27*Efficiency Factor

E2L1xxC27

E-Table line number will change based on car type.  E-Table value will be calculated on a per-shipment basis.

L326

SEM per interterminal switch

E2L1xxC28*Efficiency Factor

E2L1xxC28

E-Table line number will change based on car type.  E-Table value will be calculated on a per-shipment basis.

L327

Total SEM intraterm

L323*L325

IF(L321=0,0,L304*#Shipments*L325)

 

L328

Total SEM interterm

L324*L326

IF(L322=0,0,L304*#Shipments*L326)

 

L419

CM(Y)/industry switch (L-E)

E2L1xxC17*Efficiency Factor

E2L1xxC17

E-Table line number will change based on car type.  E-Table value will continue to be calculated on a per car basis.

L420

CM(Y)/interchange switch (L-E)

E2L1xxC18*Efficiency Factor

E2L1xxC18

E-Table line number will change based on car type.  E-Table value will continue to be calculated on a per car basis.

L421

CM(Y)/I&I train switch (L-E)

E2L1xxC21*Efficiency Factor

E2L1xxC21

E-Table line number will change based on car type.  E-Table value will continue to be calculated on a per car basis.

L443

CD(Y)/industry switch (L or E)

E2L1xxC9*Efficiency Factor

E2L1xxC9

E-Table line number will change based on car type.  E-Table value will continue to be calculated on a per car basis.

L444

CD(Y)/interchange swt (L or E)

E2L1xxC10*Efficiency Factor

E2L1xxC10

E-Table line number will change based on car type.  E-Table value will continue to be calculated on a per car basis.

L445

CD(Y)/I&I train switch (L or E)

E2L1xxC13*Efficiency Factor

E2L1xxC13

E-Table line number will change based on car type.  E-Table value will continue to be calculated on a per car basis.

L449

CD(Y)-per loading & unloading for industry switch

E2L1xxC14*Efficiency Factor

E2L1xxC14

E-Table line number will change based on car type.  E-Table value will continue to be calculated on a per car basis.

L575

Switching add-on

L573*L574

0

 

L578

CLOT add-on

L576*L577

0

 

L581

Interchg SWT add-on

L579*L580

0

 

L584

I&I switching add-on

(L582/1000)*L583

0

 

L586

Car mile add-on

(L582/1000)*L585

0

 

L587

Total jurisdictional add-on

L575+L578+L581+L584+L586

0

 

 

NOTES:

·         The line descriptions provided appear as they are listed in the URCS output report.

·         “#Cars” refers to the number of cars.

·         “#Shipments” refers to the number of shipments.  This figure is assumed to be 1 unless costing the Waybill Sample, in which case it is equal to the Theoretical Expansion Factor.

·         “Min_TL” refers to the minimum size of a trainload movement, which currently is set at 50 cars but is proposed to be set at 80 cars.

·         “Efficiency Factor” refers to the Make-Whole Efficiency Factors, which vary by line number and shipment size.  See Appendix B.

 


 

Appendix B

Make-Whole Efficiency Factors

 

Line

Line Description

Single-Car

Multi-Car

Trainload

Intermodal

Notes

L257

UC per clot-CLR-OPR

1.0

Function

Function

1.0 or Function

See Note 1.

L301

SEM per industry switch event

1.0

0.5

0.25

0.25

 

L302

SEM per interchange switch event

1.0

1.0

0.5

0.5

 

L303

SEM per I&I switch event

1.0

1.0

0

0 or 1.0

See Notes 2 and 3.

L325

SEM per intraterminal switch

1.0

0.5

0.875

1.0

 

L326

SEM per interterminal switch

1.0

0.5

0.875

1.0

 

L419

CM(Y)/industry switch (L-E)

1.0

1.0

0.5

0.5

 

L420

CM(Y)/interchange switch (L-E)

1.0

1.0

0.5

0.5

 

L421

CM(Y)/I&I switch (L-E)

1.0

1.0

0

1.0

See Note 2.

L443

CD(Y)/industry switch (L or E)

1.0

0.5

0.5

0.5

 

L444

CD(Y)/interchange switch (L or E)

1.0

1.0

1.0

0.5

 

L445

CD(Y)/I&I switch (L or E)

1.0

1.0

0

1.0

See Note 2.

L449

CD(Y)-per loading & unloading for industry switch

1.0

0.5

0.5

0.5

 

 

NOTES:

·         The function for multi-car, trainload, and intermodal for L257 is:  (0.75 + 0.25/Number of Cars)

·         Note 1:  The efficiency adjustment factor for intermodal is set to 1.0 if the number of intermodal flatcars is less than six.  Otherwise, the function is used.

·         Note 2:  An implied efficiency adjustment factor for intermodal is implemented by setting the distance between I&I switches at 4,162 miles.

·         Note 3:  The efficiency adjustment factor for intermodal is set to 1.0 if the number of intermodal flatcars is less than six.



[1]  The digest constitutes no part of the decision of the Board but has been prepared for the convenience of the reader.  It may not be cited to or relied upon as precedent.  Policy Statement on Plain Language Digests in Decisions, EP 696 (STB served Sept. 2, 2010).

[2]  Also on March 4, 2013, the AAR, the American Chemistry Council, the National Industrial Transportation League, and the Fertilizer Institute filed a joint request to extend the due date for opening comments, which were originally due by March 21, 2013.  By decision served on March 12, 2013, the due date for opening comments was extended to May 6, 2013.

[3]  Additionally, by letters dated March 7, 2013, and March 22, 2013, both addressed to the Board’s Office of Economics, the National Grain and Feed Association and the Alliance for Rail Competition, respectively, request access to the confidential Waybill Sample for 2011 in order to determine and quantify the potential consequences associated with the proposed URCS changes.  By letters sent today, the Office of Economics has responded separately to these requests.

[4]  With respect to the Waybill Sample disclosure, we are redacting information that is not required to calculate costs using the make-whole adjustment, as it is currently applied, in order to protect the customer and rate information of both shippers and railroads.  Specifically, the Waybill Sample that we are making available will not include revenue; origination, interchange, and termination locations; STCC codes for ordnance; or the calculated rate flag.