|SURFACE TRANSPORTATION BOARD DECISION DOCUMENT|
|NATIONAL TRAILS SYSTEM ACT AND RAILROAD RIGHTS-OF-WAY|
|DECISION GRANTED THE FINAL RULES THAT CLARIFY AND UPDATED SOME OF THE EXISTING REGULATIONS AND PROCEDURES REGARDING THE USE OF RAILROAD RIGHTS-OF-WAY FOR RAIL BANKING AND INTERIM TRAIL USE UNDER SECTION 8(D) OF THE NATIONAL TRAILS SYSTEM ACT (TRAILS ACT), 16 U.S.C. 1247(D). THE FINAL RULES REQUIRE THE RAILROAD AND THE TRAIL SPONSOR JOINTLY TO NOTIFY THE BOARD WHEN A TRAIL USE AGREEMENT HAS BEEN REACHED, AND TO NOTIFY THE BOARD OF THE EXACT LOCATION OF THE RIGHTS-OF-WAY SUBJECT TO THE INTERIM TRAIL USE AGREEMENT, BY INCLUDING A MAP AND MILEPOST MARKER INFORMATION.|
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|Full Text of Decision|
41965 SERVICE DATE – APRIL 30, 2012
DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
Surface Transportation Board
49 CFR Part 1152
[Docket No. EP 702]
National Trails System Act and Railroad Rights-of-Way
AGENCY: Surface Transportation Board.
ACTION: Final Rule.
SUMMARY: The Surface Transportation Board (Board or STB) is changing, clarifying, and updating some of its existing regulations and procedures regarding the use of railroad rights-of-way (ROW) for rail banking and interim trail use under the National Trails System Act (Trails Act). New rules are adopted that require the parties jointly to notify the Board when an interim trail use/rail banking agreement has been reached. The new rules also require parties to ask the Board to vacate a trail condition and issue a replacement trail condition covering the portion of right-of-way subject to the trail use agreement if their trail use agreement covers only part of the right-of-way. In addition, the final rules clarify that a new party who assumes responsibility for a recreational trail must acknowledge that the interim trail use is subject to future reactivation of the railroad line.
DATES: This rule is effective on May 30, 2012.
ADDRESSES: Information or questions regarding this final
rule should reference Docket No. EP 702 and be in writing addressed
to: Chief, Section of Administration,
Office of Proceedings, Surface Transportation Board, 395 E Street, SW,
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Julia Farr at (202) 245-0359. Assistance for the hearing impaired is available through the Federal Information Relay Service (FIRS) at 1-800-877-8339.
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: On February 16, 2011, the Board served a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM), in which it proposed to change, clarify, and update some of its existing regulations at 49 C.F.R. § 1152.29 regarding the use of railroad rights-of-way for rail banking and interim trail use under the Trails Act, 16 U.S.C. § 1247(d). The Board asked for comments on a proposed rule requiring the railroad and the trail sponsor jointly to notify the Board when a trail use agreement has been reached and to notify the Board of the exact location of the right-of-way subject to the interim trail use agreement by including a map and milepost marker information. We also proposed a rule to require parties to ask the Board to vacate the Certificate of Interim Trail Use (CITU) or Notice of Interim Trail Use (NITU) when an interim trail use agreement covers only a portion of the right-of-way and request a replacement CITU/NITU to cover the portion of the right-of-way subject to the trail use agreement. Finally, we proposed a rule to clarify that a substitute trail sponsor must acknowledge that interim trail use is subject to reactivation at any time and suggested other minor modifications to clarify and update the existing regulations at 49 C.F.R. § 1152.29. In addition to these specific proposals, we invited comments on what, if any, changes to the Trails Act rules would address concerns about the Board’s regulations specifying what a state must do to satisfy the Trails Act’s assumption-of-liability requirement, and whether the current methods of providing notice to adjoining landowners could be augmented by additional methods of indirect notice that take advantage of advances in technology without creating an undue burden on rail carriers.
Background. The Trails Act was enacted
in 1968 to establish a nationwide system of recreation and scenic trails. National Trails System Act, Pub. L.
No. 90-543, § 2(b), 82 Stat. 919 (1968) (codified, as amended, at 16 U.S.C. §§
1241-1251). As originally enacted, it
did not contain any special provisions for railroad rights-of-way. In 1983, however, Congress added a rail
section, codified at 16 U.S.C. § 1247(d), to advance two declared
policies: preserving unused railroad
rights-of-way for possible future rail use and promoting nature trails. See Preseault v. ICC, 494
The enactment of
the “Rails-to-Trails” provision followed a history of Congressional concern
about the loss of rail corridors as a national transportation resource. See id. at
5; Birt v. STB, 90 F.3d 580, 582-83 (D.C. Cir. 1996). Under 16 U.S.C. § 1247(d), the STB
must “preserve established railroad rights-of-way for future reactivation of
rail service” by prohibiting abandonment where a trail sponsor offers to assume
managerial, tax, and legal responsibility for a right-of-way for use in the
interim as a trail. Nat’l Wildlife
Fed’n v. ICC, 850 F.2d 694, 699-702 (D.C. Cir. 1988). The statute provides that, if such interim
use is subject to restoration or reconstruction for railroad purposes, the
“interim use shall not be treated, for purposes of any law or rule of law, as an abandonment . . . .”
16 U.S.C. § 1247(d). Instead, the right-of-way is “rail banked,”
which means that the railroad (or any other approved rail service provider) may
reassert control at any time in order to restore service on the line. 49 C.F.R. §§ 1152.29(c)(2),
(d)(2); Birt, 90 F.3d at 583. If a line is rail banked and designated for
trail use, any reversion to adjoining landowners that might otherwise occur
under state law upon abandonment is postponed.
To invoke the
Trails Act, a prospective trail sponsor must first file a request with the STB
accompanied by a Statement of Willingness to assume responsibility for
management, legal liability, and payment of taxes, and an acknowledgement that
interim trail use is subject to restoration of rail service at any time. 49 C.F.R. §§
1152.29(a), (d). If the railroad
indicates its willingness to negotiate a rail banking/interim trail use
agreement, the STB will issue a CITU (in an abandonment application proceeding)
or a NITU (in an abandonment exemption proceeding) for the line. 49 C.F.R. §§ 1152.29(c)(1),
(d)(1). The CITU/NITU permits parties to
negotiate for a 180-day period (which can be extended by Board order) to reach a
rail banking interim trail use agreement.
The terms of any
subsequently reached trail use agreement (including compensation issues related
to the potential reactivation of rail service) are the product of private
negotiations between the railroad and trail sponsor. The Board has never required that trail use
agreements, or notice that the parties have even reached an agreement, be
submitted to the agency.
If the parties
reach an agreement, the CITU/NITU automatically authorizes rail banking/interim
trail use. Preseault, 494
A rail banking/interim trail use arrangement is subject to being cut off at any time for the reinstitution of rail service. 49 C.F.R. §§ 1152.29(c)(2), (d)(2). A rail-banked line is not abandoned, but rather remains part of the national rail system, albeit temporarily unused for railroad operations. Thus, if and when a railroad wishes to restore rail service on all or part of the property, it may request that the CITU/NITU be vacated to permit reactivation of the line for continued rail service. See, e.g., Ga. Great S., 6 S.T.B. at 906.
Alternatively, rail banking/interim trail use may be terminated by the trail sponsor, pursuant to any applicable terms of the privately negotiated trail use agreement. In that instance, upon notice from the trail sponsor that it is terminating interim trail use, the Board will issue a decision vacating the CITU/NITU and permitting immediate abandonment for the involved portion of the right-of-way, thereby allowing, but not requiring, the railroad to consummate abandonment, subject to compliance with any conditions that must be satisfied. 49 C.F.R. § 1152.29(c)(2) and (d)(2); see 49 C.F.R. § 1152.29(e)(2).
banking/interim trail use authorization also may be transferred from one trail
sponsor to another. 49
C.F.R. § 1152.29(f). To
effect a transfer, the existing and proposed trail sponsors jointly submit to
the Board a copy of the governing CITU/NITU, a statement of the proposed trail
sponsor’s willingness to assume the management, liability, and tax
responsibilities for the trail, and the date on which responsibility for the
right-of-way is to transfer to the new trail sponsor.
The STB’s role
under the Trails Act is limited and largely ministerial. Citizens Against
Rails-to-Trails v. STB, 267 F.3d 1144, 1151-52 (D.C. Cir. 2001) (CART);
Goos v. ICC, 911 F.2d 1283, 1295 (8th Cir. 1990) (agency has
“little, if any, discretion to forestall a voluntary agreement to effect a
conversion to trail use”). The STB plays
no part in the negotiations between trail sponsors and railroads, nor does it
analyze, approve, or set the terms of rail banking/interim trail use
The STB retains
jurisdiction over a rail line throughout the CITU/NITU negotiating period, any
period of rail banking/interim trail use, and any period during which rail
service is restored. It is only upon a
railroad’s lawful consummation of abandonment authority that the Board’s
jurisdiction ends. See 16 U.S.C.
§ 1247(d); Preseault, 494
Discussion. Pursuant to the procedural
schedule set forth in the NPRM, comments were filed by the Association of
American Railroads (AAR), Maryland Transit Administration (MTA), Madison County
Transit (MCT), and the Rails-to-Trails Conservancy (RTC). On May 12, 2011,
Sovereign Immunity and the Statutory Assumption of “Full Liability” Requirement. The plain language of 16 U.S.C. § 1247(d) requires states and political subdivisions, as well as qualified private organizations, to “assume full responsibility for management” of the right-of-way, for “any legal liability arising out of such transfer or use” of a right-of-way for trail purposes, and for “the payment of any and all taxes that may be levied or assessed against such rights-of-way.” Thus, the trail sponsor must agree to take complete responsibility for whatever legal liability might arise due to interim trail use.
This acceptance-of-liability requirement might seem potentially at odds with the statutory language expressly allowing states and political subdivisions to be trail sponsors, given that such entities often have some form of immunity from legal liability. In 1986, the ICC resolved this conundrum by adopting a rule allowing an entity with legal immunity to satisfy the statutory requirement by filing a Statement of Willingness agreeing either to “assume full responsibility” or to indemnify the railroad against any potential liability. See 49 C.F.R. §§ 1152.29(a)(2), (3).
Questions have been raised about the ability of state entity trail sponsors to file the required Statements of Willingness to indemnify the railroad. Thus, in the NPRM we requested comments from the public on what, if any, changes in our Trails Act rules could accommodate concerns about the indemnity requirement in our current rules, given the plain language of the statute.
MTA, RTC, MCT, and
RTC and MCT contend that the indemnification language in the Statement of Willingness is not statutorily required. MCT also notes that, in most instances, the state sponsor purchases all of the railroad’s interests in the right-of-way. It claims that, by accepting the deed, the state sponsor, as the new owner, automatically assumes full responsibility for taxes, legal liability, and management. Thus, MCT states, the issue of limitations on state indemnification only arises in the infrequent instances where the railroad retains a fee interest and merely leases or allows use of its property for a trail. RTC further notes that there are ways in which a governmental entity can assume full responsibility without indemnifying railroads. For instance, it asserts that many states have enacted recreational use statutes that protect railroads from liability arising from recreational trail use. RTC and MTA urge the Board to refrain from interfering with the private contractual arrangements between trail sponsors and railroads and suggest that the Board should defer to the parties to negotiate an agreement that adequately protects railroads from any additional liability resulting from interim trail use.
We will not adopt MTA’s proposed qualification to the Statement of Willingness. The proposal is inconsistent with the plain language of § 1247(d), which specifically requires that parties assume full responsibility for legal liability, taxes, and management of the right-of-way. MTA’s proposed language potentially limits the liability of the trail sponsor and thus raises the possibility of a carrier being legally liable for activities related to interim trail use, depending on state law provisions. This would be contrary to the express statutory requirement that every trail sponsor agree to accept “full responsibility” for any legal liability arising out of interim trail use. Further, attempting to determine whether the provisions of a given state’s laws conform to the requirements of § 1247(d) would be inconsistent with the Board’s generally ministerial role under the Trails Act and Congress’ intent to adjudicate rail abandonments expeditiously. Accordingly, for the reasons discussed above and in Chesapeake, with one exception, we do not here make any changes to the Statement of Willingness rules at 49 C.F.R. §§ 1152.29(a)(2), (3), other than the minor clarifying changes proposed in the NPRM.
Notice of Trail Use Agreement: In the NPRM, we proposed requiring parties to notify the Board when an interim trail use agreement has been reached through a notice jointly filed by the railroad and trail sponsor. The notice would require parties to include a map and specific description, by milepost markers, of the right-of-way covered by the trail use agreement, a certification that the trail use agreement requires the user to fulfill the obligations set forth at 49 C.F.R. § 1152.29(a)(2), and a statement as to whether the agreement covers the entire right-of-way under the CITU/NITU or only a portion of that right-of-way.
We will adopt the rule as proposed in the NPRM. We do not find it necessary to define what constitutes an agreement because the involved parties can themselves determine when an agreement has been reached. Requiring parties to file the notice jointly will ensure that parties have reached an agreement and remove any uncertainty as to which party is responsible for filing the notice. Also, the joint-filing requirement is not burdensome. In lieu of a filing under the signatures of both parties, one party may file the notice and indicate that it has been authorized to express the other party’s consent.
Modifying/vacating a CITU/NITU: The Board proposed that, if a trail sponsor and rail carrier reach an interim trail use agreement that applies to less of the right-of-way than is covered by the CITU/NITU, the notice of trail use agreement must also include: (1) a request to vacate the CITU/NITU, thus permitting abandonment of the portion of the right-of-way not subject to the interim trail use agreement; and (2) a request for a replacement CITU/NITU that covers only the portion of the right-of-way subject to the interim trail use agreement.
MCT has no objection to this proposed rule. AAR believes that the proposed rule is unnecessarily cumbersome and fails to reflect the fully self-executing nature of the CITU/NITU (that is, if parties are unable to reach a trail use agreement, the CITU/NITU automatically allows for a carrier to exercise its right to abandon the portion of the line not included in the trail use agreement once the negotiation period has expired). Also, AAR is of the view that the new notice of interim trail use agreement requirement would address the Board’s need for information on any portion of the ROW that the carrier is authorized (and actually intends) to abandon under the original CITU/NITU.
We will adopt the rule as proposed. As explained in the NPRM, the new rule will promote clarity and ensure that the Board has accurate information about any portions of the right-of-way that will not be rail banked, particularly if a trail use agreement for a portion of the right-of-way is reached before the end of the negotiating period. The new rule will not impose any appreciable burden on the parties.
Providing Additional Notice to Landowners: In the NPRM, we explained that the Board and the ICC previously declined to require abandoning railroads to give actual notice to adjacent landowners following issuance of a CITU/NITU, because providing actual notice would not be practical. NPRM at 7-8. However, we specifically requested comments on whether there are additional means of providing notification of CITU/NITUs to landowners that could be used to augment the current method of newspaper and Federal Register notice that could take advantage of advances in technology but do not create an undue burden on railroads.
No commenters proposed
changes to the Board’s current notice requirements (beyond supporting providing
notice of trail use agreements).
In the NPRM, the Board clarified that: (1) parties need not file a request to extend the time for filing the notice of abandonment consummation when legal or regulatory conditions (including a CITU/NITU) remain in effect that bar consummation of abandonment until the conditions have been satisfied or removed; and (2) a substitute trail sponsor must affirmatively acknowledge that the continued interim trail use is subject to possible future restoration of the right-of-way and reactivation of rail service. The Board also proposed to clarify and update certain other language in 49 C.F.R. § 1152.29. Specifically, we proposed to modify the language in 49 C.F.R. §§ 1152.29(a)(2), (a)(3), (c)(2), and (d)(2), so that the wording more closely conforms to the language of the Trails Act. We also proposed minor modifications to the Statement of Willingness in 49 C.F.R. § 1152.29(a)(3) to describe more accurately the responsibilities of an interim trail sponsor. In addition, we proposed to eliminate the reference to “NERSA abandonment proceedings” in 49 C.F.R. § 1152.29(c), because the Northeast Rail Services Act is no longer in effect. We further proposed to modify the language in 49 C.F.R. §§ 1152.29(c)(1) and (d)(1), to clarify that the Board will issue a CITU/NITU for the portion of the right-of-way as to which both parties are willing to negotiate interim trail use, rather than the portion “to be covered by the agreement,” as what the agreement may ultimately cover is unknown at that time. Finally, we proposed to modify the language in 49 C.F.R. § 1152.29(c)(2) to make clear that a trail sponsor may choose to terminate interim trail use over only a portion of the right-of-way covered by the trail use agreement, while continuing interim trail use over the remaining portion of the right-of-way covered by the trail use agreement. We received no opposition to these clarifications and thus will adopt the clarifications as proposed.
Finally, MCT submitted comments regarding service reactivation over rail banked lines and compensation. However, we specifically stated in the NPRM that we would not address reactivation issues in this proceeding. Accordingly, we will not discuss those comments here.
Applicability of New Rules. As stated in the NPRM, when these rules become effective, they will be applicable both to new CITUs/NITUs and cases where the CITU/NITU negotiating period has not yet expired.
Paperwork Reduction Act. In our NPRM, we described the proposed collection of information, and we noted that we had submitted this information to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review under the Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA), 44 U.S.C. § 3507(d) and OMB regulations at 5 C.F.R. § 1320.11.
By notice dated May 6, 2011, OMB assigned to this information collection OMB Control No. 2140-0017. We are today submitting this final rule to OMB for approval. Once approval is received, we will publish a notice in the Federal Register to announce the expiration date assigned by OMB. The display of a currently valid OMB control number for this collection is required by law. Under the PRA and 5 C.F.R. § 1320.8, an agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to respond to, a collection of information unless the collection displays a currently valid OMB control number.
In our NPRM, we specifically sought comments on the proposed collection regarding: (1) whether the particular collection of information described above is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the Board, including whether the collection has practical utility; (2) the accuracy of the Board’s burden estimates; (3) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information collected; and (4) ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on the respondents, including the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology, when appropriate.
The comments received in response to our NPRM give us no reason to modify the regulations as proposed. No party has challenged our burden estimates or proposed a way to further minimize the burden on respondents from collection of the information and still provide the required information.
Regulatory Flexibility Act. The Regulatory Flexibility Act of 1980, 5 U.S.C §§ 601-612, generally requires a description and analysis of rules that would have significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. Pursuant to 5 U.S.C. § 605(b), we reaffirm our finding in the NPRM that our action in this proceeding will not have a significant impact on a substantial number of small entities.
This action will not significantly affect either the quality of the human environment or the conservation of energy resources.
List of Subjects in 49 CFR Part 1152
Administrative practice and procedure, Railroads, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Uniform System of Accounts.
Decided: April 25, 2012.
By the Board, Chairman Elliott, Vice Chairman Mulvey, and Commissioner Begeman.
For the reasons set forth in the preamble, the Surface Transportation Board amends part 1152 of title 49, chapter X, of the Code of Federal Regulations as follows:
PART 1152—ABANDONMENT AND DISCONTINUANCE OF RAIL LINES AND RAIL TRANSPORTATION UNDER 49 U.S.C. 10903
1. The authority citation for Part 1152 continues to read as follows:
Authority: 11 U.S.C. 1170; 16 U.S.C 1247(d) and 1248; 45 U.S.C. 744; and 49 U.S.C. 701 note (1995) (section 204 of the ICC Termination Act of 1995), 721(a), 10502, 10903-10905, and 11161.
2. Amend § 1152.29 by revising paragraphs (a)(2), (a)(3), (c) heading, (c)(1), (c)(2) introductory text, (c)(2)(iii), (d)(1), (d)(2) introductory text, and (d)(2)(iii) and by adding paragraphs (f)(1)(iii) and (h) to read as follows:
§ 1152.29 Prospective use of rights-of-way for interim trail use and rail banking.
(a) * * *
(2) A statement indicating the trail sponsor’s willingness to assume full responsibility for:
(i) Managing the right-of-way;
(ii) Any legal liability arising out of the transfer or use of the right-of-way (unless the user is immune from liability, in which case it need only indemnify the railroad against any potential liability); and
(iii) The payment of any and all taxes that may be levied or assessed against the right-of-way; and
(3) An acknowledgment that interim trail use is subject to the sponsor's continuing to meet its responsibilities described in paragraph (a)(2) of this section, and subject to possible future reconstruction and reactivation of the right-of-way for rail service. The statement must be in the following form:
Statement of Willingness To Assume Financial Responsibility
In order to establish interim trail use and rail banking under 16 U.S.C. 1247(d) and 49 CFR 1152.29 with respect to the right-of-way owned by ---------- (Railroad) and operated by ---------- (Railroad), ---------- (Interim Trail Sponsor) is willing to assume full responsibility for: (1) managing the right-of-way, (2) any legal liability arising out of the transfer or use of the right-of-way (unless the sponsor is immune from liability, in which case it need only indemnify the railroad against any potential liability), and (3) the payment of any and all taxes that may be levied or assessed against the right of way. The property, known as ---------- (Name of Branch Line), extends from railroad milepost ---------- near ---------- (Station Name), to railroad milepost ----------, near ---------- (Station name), a distance of ---------- miles in [County(ies), (State(s)]. The right-of-way is part of a line of railroad proposed for abandonment in Docket No. STB AB------- (Sub-No. -----).
A map of the property depicting the right-of-way is attached.
------ (Interim Trail Sponsor) acknowledges that use of the right-of-way is subject to the sponsor's continuing to meet its responsibilities described above and subject to possible future reconstruction and reactivation of the right-of-way for rail service. A copy of this statement is being served on the railroad(s) on the same date it is being served on the Board.
* * * * *
(c) Regular abandonment proceedings. (1) If continued rail service does not occur pursuant to 49 U.S.C. 10904 and Sec. 1152.27, and a railroad agrees to negotiate an interim trail use/rail banking agreement, then the Board will issue a CITU to the railroad and to the interim trail sponsor for that portion of the right-of-way as to which both parties are willing to negotiate. The CITU will: Permit the railroad to discontinue service, cancel any applicable tariffs, and salvage track and material consistent with interim trail use and rail banking, as long as it is consistent with any other Board order, 30 days after the date the CITU is issued; and permit the railroad to fully abandon the line if no trail use agreement is reached 180 days after the CITU is issued, subject to appropriate conditions, including labor protection and environmental matters.
(2) The CITU will indicate that any interim trail use is subject to future restoration of rail service and to the sponsor’s continuing to meet its responsibilities described in paragraph (a)(2) of this section. The CITU will also provide that, if an interim trail use agreement is reached (and thus interim trail use established), the parties shall file the notice described in paragraph (h) of this section. Additionally, the CITU will provide that if the sponsor intends to terminate interim trail use on all or any portion of the right-of-way covered by the interim trail use agreement, it must send the Board a copy of the CITU and request that it be vacated on a specified date. If a party requests that the CITU be vacated for only a portion of the right-of-way, the Board will issue an appropriate replacement CITU covering the remaining portion of the right-of-way subject to the interim trail use agreement. The Board will reopen the abandonment proceeding, vacate the CITU, and issue a decision permitting immediate abandonment for the involved portion of the right-of-way. Copies of the decision will be sent to:
* * * * *
(iii) The current trail sponsor.
* * * * *
(d) * * *
(1) If continued rail service does not occur under 49 U.S.C. 10904 and § 1152.27 and a railroad agrees to negotiate an interim trail use/rail banking agreement, then the Board will issue a Notice of Interim Trail Use or Abandonment (NITU) to the railroad and to the interim trail sponsor for the portion of the right-of-way as to which both parties are willing to negotiate. The NITU will: permit the railroad to discontinue service, cancel any applicable tariffs, and salvage track and materials, consistent with interim trail use and rail banking, as long as it is consistent with any other Board order, 30 days after the date the NITU is issued; and permit the railroad to fully abandon the line if no agreement is reached 180 days after the NITU is issued, subject to appropriate conditions, including labor protection and environmental matters.
(2) The NITU will indicate that interim trail use is subject to future restoration of rail service and to the sponsor’s continuing to meet its responsibilities described in paragraph (a)(2) of this section. The NITU will also provide that, if an interim trail use agreement is reached (and thus interim trail use established), the parties shall file the notice described in paragraph (h) of this section. Additionally, the NITU will provide that if the sponsor intends to terminate interim trail use on all or any portion of the right-of-way covered by the interim trail use agreement, it must send the Board a copy of the NITU and request that it be vacated on a specific date. If a party requests that the NITU be vacated for only a portion of the right-of-way, the Board will issue an appropriate replacement NITU covering the remaining portion of the right-of-way subject to the interim trail use agreement. The Board will reopen the exemption proceeding, vacate the NITU, and issue a decision reinstating the exemption for that portion of the right-of-way. Copies of the decision will be sent to:
* * * * *
(iii) The current trail sponsor.
* * * * *
(f) (1) * * *
(iii) An acknowledgement that interim trail use is subject to possible future reconstruction and reactivation of the right-of-way for rail service.
* * * * *
(h) When the parties negotiating for rail banking/interim trail use reach an agreement, the trail sponsor and railroad shall jointly notify the Board within 10 days that the agreement has been reached. The notice shall include a map depicting, and an accurate description of, the involved right-of-way or portion thereof (including mileposts) that is subject to the parties’ interim trail use agreement and a certification that the interim trail use agreement includes provisions requiring the sponsor to fulfill the responsibilities described in paragraph (a)(2) of this section. Additionally, if the interim trail use agreement establishes interim trail use over less of the right-of-way than is covered by the CITU or NITU, the notice shall also include a request that the Board vacate the CITU or NITU and issue a replacement CITU/NITU for only the portion of the right-of-way covered by the interim trail use agreement. The Board will reopen the abandonment proceeding, vacate the CITU or NITU, issue an appropriate replacement CITU or NITU for only the portion of the right-of-way covered by the interim trail use agreement, and issue a decision permitting immediate abandonment of the portion of the right-of-way not subject to the interim trail use agreement. Copies of the decision will be sent to:
(1) The rail carrier that sought abandonment authorization;
(2) The owner of the right-of-way; and
(3) The current trail sponsor.
 The notice of proposed rulemaking was published at 76 FR 8992-95.
 The Board’s predecessor, the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC), promulgated final rules implementing the Trails Act in Rail Abans.—Use of Rights-of-Way as Trails (49 CFRCFR parts 1105 & 1152), 2 I.C.C. 2d 591 (1986) (Rail Abandonments). The agency has modified or clarified its Trails Act rules since that time. See, e.g., Aban. & Discontinuance of Rail Lines & Rail Transp. Under 49 U.S.C. 10903, 1 S.T.B. 894 (1996); Policy Statement on Rails to Trails Conversions, EP 272 (Sub-No. 13B) (ICC served Jan. 29, 1990); Rail Abans.—Use of Rights-of-Way as Trails—Supplemental Trails Act Procedures, 4 I.C.C. 2d 152 (1987).
 There is no substantive difference between rail banking authorized under a NITU and a CITU.
 See, e.g., Chesapeake R.R.—Certificate of Interim Trail Use and Termination of Modified Rail Certificate, FD 32609 (STB served Feb. 24, 2011), pet. for judicial review pending sub nom. Maryland Transit Administration v. STB, No. 11-1412 (4th Cir. filed Apr. 25, 2011) (Chesapeake), where we declined to allow qualifications to a Statement of Willingness that would limit the trail sponsor’s legal liability.
 As we noted in the NPRM, states interested in
rail banking also have the option to revise their
sovereign immunity laws to accommodate the Trails Act or can designate trail
sponsors other than the state itself who would not be limited by the state
sovereign immunity laws. Moreover, state
entities have the ability to acquire railroad rights-of-way for use as
recreational trails outside of the framework of the Trails Act, either through
negotiations with the railroad after the line has been abandoned or through
their power of eminent domain if it authorizes the state to acquire the
necessary property interests on lines that have been abandoned. See e.g., Consol.
Exemption—in Lancaster &
 See H.R. Rept. 98-28, 98th Cong. 1st Sess. 8-9 (if “a state, political subdivision, or qualified private organization is prepared to assume full responsibility for the management of such right-of-way, for any legal liability, and for the payment of any and all taxes . . .—that is to save and hold the railroad harmless from all these duties and responsibilities—then the route will not be ordered abandoned”).
 In addition to the changes proposed in the NPRM, we are changing the word “user’s” to “sponsor’s” in the Statement of Willingness for consistency of terminology.
 There are some other prior decisions dealing
with non-conforming Statements of Willingness, consisting of conflicting
Director decisions, none of which were appealed to the
full Board or discussed the liability issue in depth. In
 See Nat’l Ass’n of Reversionary Property Owners v. STB, 158 F.3d 135 (D.C. Cir. 1998); Rail Abandonments—Use of Rights-of-way as Trails—Supplemental Trails Act Procedures, EP 274 (Sub-No. 13) (ICC served July 28, 1994).
 In addition to the changes proposed in the NPRM, we are clarifying the language in 49 CFR 1152.29(c)(1), so that “30 days after the date it is issued,” will now read “30 days after the date the CITU is issued,” and “180 days after it is issued,” will now read, “180 days after the CITU is issued.” Similarly, we are changing the wording in 49 CFR 1152.29(d)(1), so that “30 days after the date it is issued,” will now read “30 days after the date the NITU is issued,” and “180 days after it is issued,” will now read, “180 days after the NITU is issued.”
 In the discussion pertaining to small entities in our NPRM, we explained why the burden of collection would be minimal. No party has disputed our explanation.